2017 Ag Census Shows More Women Producers, Fewer Middle-Sized Farms In America

By Chris Clayton
DTN Ag Policy Editor

Washington (DTN) – There were fewer middle-sized farms in 2017 than five years earlier, and the age of the average farm operator continues to tick upward, according to results of the 2017 Census of Agriculture released.
USDA boasted the 2017 Census of Agriculture includes 6.4 million new points of information about farms and ranches and the people who run them, breaking down more information to the county level. The data is used by policymakers to help determine local funding for a variety of programs, and the census data is often used to highlight specific information about farms and ranches.
USDA’s National Agricultural Statistics Service said the data shows that both farm numbers and land in farms have had small declines since the last census in 2012. There are more large farms and more small farms but fewer “middle-sized farms,” according to the data. The average age of all farmers and ranchers also continues to rise.
According to the data, there were 85,127 farms with 2,000 or more acres in 2017, and those operators made up 58% of all farmland. At the same time, the 273,000 smallest farmers, each with under 10 acres of ground, made up just 0.1% of all farm ground.
There are 2.04 million farms and ranches, down 3.2% from 2012, with an average size of 441 acres, which is up 1.6%, from 2017. Combined, farms and ranches operate on 900 million acres of ground, which is down 1.6% from 2012.
Fewer farmers make up the bulk of U.S. farm sales, USDA noted. Just 105,453 farms produced 75% of all sales in 2017, down from 119,908 in 2012.
Of the 2.04 million farms and ranches, the 76,865 making $1 million or more in 2017 represent just over two-thirds of the $389 billion in total value of production, while the 1.56 million operations making under $50,000 represent just 2. 9%.
According to USDA, the average age of all farmers and ranchers is 57.5 years, up 1.2 years from the 2012 average.
The Ag Census showed 96% of farms and ranches are family owned.
Farm expenses topped $326 billion in 2017 with feed, livestock purchased, hired labor, fertilizer and cash rents topping the list of farm expenses.
While average farm income was $43,053 in 2017, a total of 56.4% of farmers had negative net cash farm income that year. USDA highlighted 43.6% of farmers had positive net cash income.
A total of 130,056 farms in 2017 sold directly to consumers, but sales reached $2.8 billion. That breaks down to average sales of roughly $2,153 per farm.
Regarding the internet of things, farms with internet access rose from 69.6% in 2012 to 75.4% in 2017. Still, roughly one-quarter of all farms do not have internet access.
Renewable energy systems on farms exploded from 2012 to 2017. A total of 133,176 farms and ranches use renewable-energy-producing systems, more than double the 57,299 in 2012.
USDA changed some demographic questions for the 2017 census to better draw in all of the people involved in the decision-making on farms. By doing so, the number of farmers and ranchers rose nearly 7% to 3.4 million people, with most of the growth because of multiple producers added per farm. Most of the new producers added were female as well.
The number of male farmers and ranchers fell 1.7% to 2.17 million from 2012 to 2017, while the number of female farmers and ranchers rose by nearly 27% to 1.23 million. USDA stated, “This change underscores the effectiveness of the questionnaire changes.”
The changes show 36% of all farmers and ranchers are female and 56% of all farms have at least one female decision-maker. Farms with female producers making decisions tend to be smaller than average in both acres and value of production. Female farmers and ranchers are most heavily engaged in the day-to-day decisions along with record keeping and financial management.
There are 321,261 young producers age 35 or younger on 240,141 farms. Farms with young producers making decisions tend to be larger than average in both acres and sales.
Other demographic highlights include:
– The number of producers who have served in the military is 370,619, or 11% of all farmers and ranchers.
– One in four producers is a beginning farmer with 10 or fewer years of experience and an average age of 46.3. Farms with new or beginning producers making decisions tend to be smaller than average in both acres and value of production.
GROUPS REACT TO NEW DATA
The National Association of State Departments of Agriculture (NASDA) highlighted the census release, stating the data provides the only source of uniform, comprehensive and impartial agriculture data for every county in the nation. Census data provides federal, state and industry groups with data necessary to make informed decisions about agriculture, food and rural development, NASDA stated.
Census data is crucial for understanding large trends and issues such as trading markets and the impact of natural disasters,” said Barb Glenn, NASDA’s CEO. “Good policymaking starts with ample and unbiased data. We encourage everyone to take advantage of this irreplaceable resource.”
The National Sustainable Agriculture Coalition said in a news release that the main takeaway from the new ag census data is that consolidation in agriculture is resulting in the loss of more medium-sized family farms and concentrating wealth and power among fewer, larger agribusinesses.
“The 2017 Census of Agriculture puts hard data behind what American farmers and farmer advocates have known for some time – if we don’t invest in beginning farmers and the advancement of our family farms, and if we don’t put checks on increasing consolidation in agriculture, we’re going to be at risk of losing the ag of the middle entirely,” Juli Obudzinski, NSAC’s interim policy director, stated in the news release.
However, Obudzinski also noted there were several positive points in the census that can serve as “guideposts” for determining the right investments and making food and farm policy decisions at the federal level.
“Beginning farmers have increased by 5% over the last five years, for example. That’s a clear sign that interest in agriculture is rising – but it also means that we’ve got to increase our investment in support and outreach to meet that rising interest,” Obudzinski said. “We’re also seeing great trends in the organic industry – average organic sales per farm grew by 84% and the number of acres transitioning into certified organic also increased by 15% over the same period. Similarly, local food sales continue to rise; the sector is up by roughly $1.5 billion since the last Census.”
To view the full 2017 Census of Agriculture report, visit:
https://www.nass.usda.gov/Publications/AgCensus/2017/index.php#full_report.
For the USDA NASS Quick Stats data query tool, visit
https://www.nass.usda.gov/Quick_Stats/CDQT/chapter/1/table/1.

World Pork Expo Canceled

By Todd Neeley
DTN Staff Reporter

Omaha (DTN) – As African swine fever continues to spread across the world – most recently showing up in South Africa – the National Pork Producers Council On April 10 took the rare step of canceling the industry’s World Pork Expo scheduled for June 5-7 in Des Moines, Iowa.
The World Organization for Animal Health, or OIE, reported that a farm in the Ditsobotla Local Municipality in South Africa lost 32 of 36 hogs to the disease that currently has no animal vaccine.
African swine fever (ASF) is a serious viral disease that can cause fever, internal bleeding and high death rates in pigs. According to the World Organization for Animal Health, the disease can be spread by live or dead, domestic or wild pigs, as well via pork products such as contaminated feed and objects including shoes, clothes and vehicles. The disease cannot infect humans, and is not considered a food safety risk.
So far, there have been no cases of the disease reported in the United States.
The National Pork Producers Council Board of Directors made the decision to cancel the World Pork Expo “out of an abundance of caution,” according to a news release.
The NPPC said it made the decision because, of the 20,000 visitors to the three-day event, many include exhibitors from regions where African swine fever is present.
“While an evaluation by veterinarians and other third-party experts concluded negligible risk associated with holding the event, we have decided to exercise extreme caution,” David Herring, NPPC president and a producer from Lillington, North Carolina, said in a statement.
“The health of the U.S. swine herd is paramount. The livelihoods of our producers depend on it. Prevention is our only defense against ASF and NPPC will continue to do all it can to prevent its spread to the United States.”
The decision comes at a time when more than 100 U.S. pork producers are in Washington, D.C., meeting with members of Congress. Part of the discussion involves asking lawmakers to fund 600 new U.S. Customs and Border Protection agriculture inspectors to step up defenses against the virus.
Herring said, because U.S. farmers depend heavily on the export market, the industry cannot take chances with the virus.
“An ASF outbreak would immediately close our export markets at a time when we are already facing serious trade headwinds,” he said. “The retaliatory tariffs we currently face in some of our largest export markets due to trade disputes are among the factors that prompted a conservative decision regarding World Pork Expo. U.S. pork producers are already operating in very challenging financial conditions.”
The presence of the disease in China’s herd, Herring said, takes the threat to “an entirely new level.”
DTN Analyst Rick Kment said African swine fever has been a “significant mover” in the market in the past few months.
“There is still very limited accurate data on the impact of the market and how it has affected the Chinese pork industry,” he said. “The expectation is that the need for China to buy pork through the upcoming year is going to significantly increase. This has sparked emotional buying patterns in the hog complex, with prices surging over $25 per hundredweight in the last two months.”
THE OUTBREAK
Between March 13 and March 28, most animal losses from the disease occurred in Asia, according to an OIE report.
Of the 2,963 losses covering the time period of the report, 2,876 occurred in Vietnam. OIE said, as of the most recent report, there was a total of 1,351 ongoing outbreaks and 265 new outbreaks. So far, more than 120 cases of African swine fever have been documented in China.
In addition, there are ongoing outbreaks reported in eastern Europe on farms, in backyards and among wild boar, according to OIE.
Earlier this year, the Department of Livestock and Veterinary Services in Zimbabwe, investigated and confirmed a report of African swine fever that killed 284 animals in free-range pigs kept by smallholder village farmers in a communal area. According to a March 3 update, another 128 animals died. As of March 28, no additional deaths were reported in Zimbabwe.
According to a report from the OIE, the free-range herd has been and remains in quarantine.
“Disease surveillance currently on-going to determine the extent of spread of infection,” according to an OIE report. “Farmers are being instructed to confine their pigs in pigsties and report all ill or dead animals to their local division of veterinary services offices.”
USDA, PORK INDUSTRY TAKING PRECAUTIONS
In March, USDA-trained dogs played a role in the seizure of about 1 million pounds of pork smuggled from China.
USDA said it is working with Customs and Border Patrol to expand passenger baggage screening, in addition to expanding arrival screenings, including checking cargo for illegal pork and pork products.
Steve Rommereim, president of the National Pork Board and a pig farmer from Alcester. South Dakota, said it was the right decision to cancel the expo.
“But when it comes to the ongoing spread of African swine fever in Asia and Europe, caution must come first,” he said. “We acknowledge the relatively low risk that World Pork Expo may have posed to the introduction of African swine fever to the U.S. But any risk needs to be managed – and that is our purpose at the National Pork Board.”

Senators, Farmers Challenge Accuracy Of FCC Internet Coverage Claims

By Chris Clayton
DTN Ag Policy Editor

Washington (DTN) – The digital divide between urban American and farmers, businesses and communities in rural America is widening, partially because the Federal Communications Commission uses flawed mapping tools to define who has good internet access.
Members of the U.S. Senate Commerce, Science and Transportation Committee heard from the president of the Mississippi Farm Bureau and others about mapping problems with FCC that make it more difficult to know exactly where internet coverage holes actually exist. Multiple people testified that FCC coverage maps dramatically overstate broadband coverage.
“We cannot close the digital divide if we don’t know the size and location of existing coverage gaps,” said Sen. Roger Wicker, R-Miss., chairman of the committee.
The FCC, using a form filled out by major broadband providers, Form 477, claimed late last year that “approximately 100% of the American public lives in geographic areas covered by mobile LTE with a minimum advertised speed of 5 Mbps/1Mbps.”
Yet a 2017 USDA survey showed 29% of U.S. farms have no internet access. That survey also showed 30% of rural America overall lacks broadband access, compared to 2% of urban America.
The FCC is using the information from that Form 477 to spend $4.5 billion over the next decade to upgrade high-speed connectivity across the country. To get access to those funds or other government funding, companies have to prove they are servicing areas that aren’t already served by an unsubsidized internet provider. While farmers, ranchers, business people and consumers know when they don’t have real broadband access, the process to challenge the accuracy of the FCC maps is complicated and almost impossible to achieve, witnesses told senators.
For instance, the FCC shows 98% of Mississippi residents have broadband access. But Mike McCormick, president of the Mississippi Farm Bureau, said his organization set out to challenge the FCC’s figure because roughly 72% of Mississippi residents don’t have access to broadband speeds, and just 16% of the state uses the internet at higher broadband speed.
The Mississippi Farm Bureau tried to challenge the FCC maps because farmers and others simply knew the FCC was grossly inaccurate. The Farm Bureau worked with the Mississippi Public Service Commission but found the FCC had also made it almost impossible to directly challenge its maps.
“We wanted to show it was so complicated for us it was impossible and it was absolutely impossible for a consumer to do,” McCormick said. “It just showed the system is broken and needs changed.”
McCormick credited Congress for taking a deeper dive into the FCC’s mapping logic. “Any effort to move forward with the current maps will lock rural America into a digital divide at least for the next decade.”
McCormick told senators about farmers who have spent hundreds of thousands of dollars on machinery that demands a data connection.
“They have bought a lot of high-priced equipment that they don’t get to use because they are spending on technology,” McCormick said. “They certainly want to make sure we put the correct amount of fertilizer out, of chemicals out, of pesticides. We don’t want to over-apply for the environment, and it hurts the farmers’ pocketbooks. But without the connectivity, we don’t have the ability to apply that technology.”
McCormick mentioned a farmer with a tractor that can wirelessly inform a dealership about a problem, but that doesn’t work if the farmer doesn’t have connectivity for the tractor to signal its problem.
“So the farmer had to end up taking the equipment back to the shop, get in line and lost a day or two of harvesting,” McCormick said. “If they had the internet there, they could have taken care of the problem right on his farm.”
Farm Bureau and others who testified said more “granular data” is needed to determine coverage areas.
Mike Oblizalo, vice president and general manager of Hood Canal Communications in Shelton, Washington, told senators that false positives on the broadband map – locations showing service when it isn’t there – can result in denial of financing or funded needed for a small broadband company.
Jonathan Spalter, president and CEO of USTelecom, which represents broadband providers, said rural broadband access has increased more than 70% over the last decade. Still, he said, “If you can’t map it, you can’t deploy it” is a mantra for broadband companies.
USTelecom is now working on a pilot project in Missouri and Virginia to develop more comprehensive broadband maps for those states. Ideally, the pilot will become a road map for the government to develop a similar map nationally.
Sen. Maria Cantwell, D-Wash., said McCormick’s statement that “Broadband is no longer a luxury but a necessity” should be put on billboards everywhere. “Agriculture represents the largest focal point of why broadband is so necessary in rural communities,” she said.
Cantwell later added the economy of rural America could be left behind if broadband access isn’t available.
“We’re just leaving a lot of innovation behind, a lot of economic growth behind if we’re not servicing it,” she said.
Sen. Deb Fischer, R-Neb., said mapping needs to show if broadband wireless access is available on tracts of farmland and ranchland.
“If we aren’t connected to the internet, then that technology is not useful for that farmer,” McCormick said.
Others in the industry testified that major broadband carriers provide the FCC with inaccurate data on the Form 477. If one person in a Census block can get high-speed access, then it’s treated as if everyone can.
“If you don’t have reliable maps, then small carriers won’t get access to funds like the Universal Service Fund to expand their coverage,” said Tim Donovan, senior vice president of legislative affairs for the Competitive Carriers Association.
This is happening as large urban centers are getting fifth-generation “5G” technology, but many rural communities are still on “3G” technology.
“If you are in rural America and you start to fall behind on your G’s, you may never catch up.” Donovan said.
Sen. Tammy Baldwin, D-Wis, suggested one way to test the accuracy of maps is to leverage the presence of U.S. Postal Service and U.S. Forest Service offices and workers on the ground to collect more accurate data on broadband service.
Sen. Shelley Moore Capito, R-W.Va., said it’s frustrating the FCC can’t meet the challenge of providing accurate broadband mapping tools.
“I feel like we have been talking about this over and over and over again why we can’t get service in different areas,” Capito said.
As the Senate Commerce Committee held its hearing, the House passed a bill 232-190 to overturn the FCC’s net neutrality rule. The vote was partisan in that only one Republican joined Democrats in passing the bill. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell, R-Ky., said he won’t bring up the Senate bill. Wicker indicated he hoped Congress could move a more bipartisan broadband mapping bill.
Rep. Abigail Spanberger, D-Va., a member of the House Agriculture Committee, did succeed in getting an amendment added to a House bill challenging the accuracy of FCC’s broadband map, citing the map as “inaccurate, incomplete and unreliable.”
To see how the FCC designates your farm or home for internet access, go to https://broadbandmap.fcc.gov/#/

Direct Receipts

Direct Receipts: 53,800

Texas 30,700. 98 over 600 lbs. 45 pct heifers. Steers: Medium and Large 1 Current FOB 700-750 lbs 144.50-145.00; 750-800 lbs 140.00-143.00; 800-850 lbs 138.50-143.00; 850-900 lbs 132.00-134.00; Current Del 750-800 lbs 143.00; 800-850 lbs 141.00-145.00; 850-900 lbs 134.50-137.00; 900-950 lbs 134.00-135.00; May FOB 700-750 lbs 151.20; 750-800 lbs 144.15-145.50; 800-850 lbs 142.00-143.50; June FOB 700-750 lbs 144.55; 850-900 lbs 138.50; July FOB 700-750 lbs 154.40-160.11; May Del 750-800 lbs 148.80; 800-850 lbs 142.00-147.90; June Del 750-800 lbs 150.00; July Del 650-700 lbs 165.00; 750-800 lbs 154.70; 800-850 lbs 148.00-151.70; Aug Del 700-750 lbs 164.10; 750-800 lbs 153.00-156.70; 800-850 lbs 147.00; Sept Del 700-750 lbs 165.30; 750-800 lbs 159.90; Oct Del 750-800 lbs 158.40-159.25. Medium and Large 1-2 Current FOB 750-800 lbs 136.41-137.08; 800-850 lbs 135.00-138.91; Current Del 700-750 lbs 149.50-152.00; 800-850 lbs 138.00-143.00; 850-900 lbs 136.25-140.50; 900-950 lbs 135.00; May FOB 750-800 lbs 143.98-145.85; 850-900 lbs 134.50; July FOB 700-750 lbs 153.53; May Del 700-750 lbs 153.00-157.00; 750-800 lbs 152.00; 800-850 lbs 145.00; June Del 700-750 lbs 150.00. Heifers: Medium and Large 1 Current FOB 650-700 lbs 133.50; 700-750 lbs 136.00; 750-800 lbs 129.00-134.80; 800-850 lbs 129.00; Current Del 550-600 lbs 159.00; 600-650 lbs 143.00-155.85; 650-700 lbs 140.00-146.40; 700-750 lbs 135.00-138.00; 750-800 lbs 133.00-137.00; May FOB 550-600 lbs 157.53; 700-750 lbs 138.50-140.20; 750-800 lbs 132.00-138.30; June FOB 700-750 lbs 138.50; July FOB 700-750 lbs 144.00; May Del 700-750 lbs 138.00-142.10; 750-800 lbs 143.00; June Del 600-650 lbs 156.65; 700-750 lbs 140.30; 750-800 lbs 139.00-142.00; July Del 700-750 lbs 143.70-147.63; 750-800 lbs 144.00; Aug Del 700-750 lbs 147.20-149.65; 750-800 lbs 143.00; Sept Del 700-750 lbs 150.90-151.75; 750-800 lbs 144.00. Medium and Large 1-2 Current FOB 700-750 lbs 131.11; 750-800 lbs 126.54-129.08; 800-850 lbs 123.73; Current Del 700-750 lbs 129.00-134.00; 750-800 lbs 132.00-135.50; 800-850 lbs 130.75; 850-900 lbs 128.00; May FOB 550-600 lbs 148.75; 750-800 lbs 127.50; July FOB 650-700 lbs 146.54; June Del 700-750 lbs 145.35-145.50.

Oklahoma 4400. 97 over 600 lbs. 56 pct heifers. Steers: Medium and Large 1 Current FOB 850-900 lbs 132.00-137.53; 900-950 lbs 132.50; May FOB 750-800 lbs 146.80; 800-850 lbs 145.40; July FOB 650-700 lbs 162.00; Aug FOB 700-750 lbs 161.10; Sept FOB 700-750 lbs 162.30; 750-800 lbs 155.90; Oct FOB 750-800 lbs 155.25. Medium and Large 1-2 Current FOB 750-800 lbs 141.00. Heifers: Medium and Large 1 Current FOB 550-600 lbs 156.00; 650-700 lbs 138.00; 700-750 lbs 134.00-136.50; 750-800 lbs 131.75-131.80; 800-850 lbs 128.39; May FOB 700-750 lbs 138.10; June FOB 600-650 lbs 153.65; July FOB 700-750 lbs 144.63; Aug FOB 700-750 lbs 144.20-145.65; Sept FOB 700750 lbs 146.90-149.25. Medium and Large 1-2 Current Del 750-800 lbs 131.00.

New Mexico 1500. 100 over 600 lbs. 9 pct heifers. Steers: Medium and Large 1 Current FOB 850-900 lbs 136.00; May FOB 800-850 lbs 141.00. Medium and Large 1-2 Current FOB 850-900 lbs 135.70-138.23; May FOB 800-850 lbs 143.70. Heifers: Medium and Large 1-2 Current FOB 750-800 lbs 133.23.

Kansas 1400. 100 over 600 lbs. 74 pct heifers. Steers: Medium and Large 1 Current FOB 800-850 lbs 141.00; 850-900 lbs 136.00; 900-950 lbs 133.00; May FOB 800-850 lbs 145.50; Current Del 850-900 lbs 139.00. Heifers: Medium and Large 1 Current FOB 700-750 lbs 131.81; May FOB 700-750 lbs 137.00; Current FOB 750-800 lbs 131.50-135.00; Current Del 800-850 lbs 129.50. Medium and Large 1-2 Current FOB 750-800 lbs 128.82-129.13.

National Feeder Cattle Summary

St. Joseph, MO — April 12
National feeder cattle receipts: 190,400

Steers and heifers sold uneven; $2 lower to $2 higher. New crop fall calves have been noticed at auctions with many unweaned comments used. Feeder calves and stocker calves under 800 lbs, especially those carrying a minimal amount of flesh showed the way with the best demand. Buyers continue to shy away from cattle carrying too much flesh condition for their weight. Another ‘bomb cyclone’ made its way from Colorado up through Nebraska, South Dakota and Minnesota. Many late week auctions in Nebraska cancelled or rescheduled sales as they are living through the second one of them in a month. Areas received less snow than expected, however high winds created white out conditions and deposited snow where ranchers really didn’t need it. After the second winter in a row that just doesn’t seem to end, farmers and ranchers in the Midwest and Plains are ready for warmer weather so they can get some much-needed field work done. Forage supplies are bound to be depleted in many areas after the amount of forage that has been fed in the last two winters. Grass is slow to come even though temperatures were higher the first of the week, however freeze and frost warnings in the Plains brings us back to reality. Less open cows will be retained after this winter’s calving season and cow prices have been higher at auctions after trending lower for a couple weeks. It appears that many distressed cows from the first ‘bomb cyclone’ have made their way to market. There is bound to be more weight loss of nearly finished cattle throughout the Northern Plains and just how much lost will be evident in the coming months as calf-feds get closer to harvest. Currently, cattle are not meeting their projected out-weights and cost of gains are higher than anticipated just a few short months ago. Boxed-beef prices have shown some interest from retailers to turn the cut-out higher. For the week, the Choice cutout closed $1.91 higher at $228.84, while Select was $0.74 higher at $221.02. Cattle Slaughter under federal inspection estimated at 634K for the week, 13K more than April 5 and 23K more than a year ago.

Texas 5200. 75 pct over 600 lbs. 48 pct heifers. Steers: Medium and Large 1 400-450 lbs (423) 198.32; 450-500 lbs (463) 187.14; 550-600 lbs (577) 167.05; 600-650 lbs (623) 163.23; 650-700 lbs (686) 158.87; 700-750 lbs (722) 150.17; 750-800 lbs (766) 147.07; 800-850 lbs (827) 142.13; 850-900 lbs (891) 137.04; 900-950 lbs (930) 131.27; 950-1000 lbs (967) 124.58. Medium and Large 1-2 550-600 lbs (564) 151.78; 600-650 lbs (632) 151.65; 700-750 lbs (724) 144.07; 750-800 lbs (777) 139.51; 800-850 lbs (833) 135.67. Heifers: Medium and Large 1 400-450 lbs (431) 163.06; 450-500 lbs (469) 155.49; 500-550 lbs (525) 153.57; 550-600 lbs (563) 148.53; 600-650 lbs (629) 142.46; 700-750 lbs (722) 133.52; 750-800 lbs (775) 130.31; 800-850 lbs (821) 127.95; 900-950 lbs (916) 113.85. Medium and Large 1-2 550-600 lbs (588) 139.18; 600-650 lbs (609) 138.30; 650-700 lbs (674) 133.08; 700-750 lbs (735) 122.85.

New Mexico 4700. 49 pct over 600 lbs. 50 pct heifers. Steers: Medium and Large 1 400-450 lbs (431) 199.79; 450-500 lbs (477) 191.22; 500-550 lbs (524) 166.96; 550-600 lbs (571) 166.90; 600-650 lbs (624) 161.37; 650-700 lbs (662) 154.03; 700-750 lbs (713) 145.59; 750-800 lbs (776) 139.64; 800-850 lbs (834) 138.23; 850-900 lbs (891) 129.91. Medium and Large 1-2 600-650 lbs (612) 161.19; 650-700 lbs (686) 146.63; 700-750 lbs (715) 145.89; 750-800 lbs (785) 136.79. Heifers: Medium and Large 1 400-450 lbs (426) 172.90; 500-550 lbs (525) 154.28; 550-600 lbs (568) 147.70; 600-650 lbs (612) 141.44. Medium and Large 1-2 550-600 lbs (567) 143.94.

Kansas 12,800. 81 pct over 600 lbs. 46 pct heifers. Steers: Medium and Large 1 300-350 lbs (321) 207.51; 350-400 lbs (379) 194.40; 400-450 lbs (426) 203.19; 450-500 lbs (476) 186.32; 500-550 lbs (520) 178.07; 550-600 lbs (577) 177.84; 600-650 lbs (644) 170.84; 650-700 lbs (688) 162.19; 700-750 lbs (724) 159.90; 750-800 lbs (777) 147.56; 800-850 lbs (830) 142.99; 850-900 lbs (874) 138.04; 900-950 lbs (926) 133.78; 950-1000 lbs (974) 131.59; 1000-1050 lbs (1021) 126.18. Medium and Large 1-2 500-550 lbs (533) 172.82; 600-650 lbs (610) 164.12; 650-700 lbs (668) 157.95; 750-800 lbs (777) 137.54. Heifers: Medium and Large 1 350-400 lbs (375) 168.75; 400-450 lbs (423) 166.03; 450-500 lbs (470) 170.76; 500-550 lbs (526) 159.49; 550-600 lbs (588) 157.47; 600-650 lbs (632) 145.87; 650-700 lbs (678) 140.93; 700-750 lbs (724) 137.98; 750-800 lbs (776) 132.79; 800-850 lbs (813) 132.92; 850-900 lbs (869) 125.57; 900-950 lbs (908) 122.49. Medium and Large 1-2 500-550 lbs (520) 143.21; 550-600 lbs (560) 144.49; 600-650 lbs (640) 134.83; 750-800 lbs (772) 128.71; 800-850 lbs (830) 126.89.

Arkansas 4900. 18 pct over 600 lbs. 46 pct heifers. Steers: Medium and Large 1 300-350 lbs (320) 201.00; 350-400 lbs (372) 195.72; 400-450 lbs (421) 189.37; 450-500 lbs (471) 177.41; 500-550 lbs (522) 175.50; 550-600 lbs (574) 158.82; 600-650 lbs (623) 150.21; 650-700 lbs (671) 147.55. Heifers: Medium and Large 1 300-350 lbs (321) 169.53; 350-400 lbs (374) 164.50; 400-450 lbs (423) 160.17; 450-500 lbs (473) 155.80; 500-550 lbs (525) 147.90; 550-600 lbs (573) 142.41; 600-650 lbs (631) 139.38; 650-700 lbs (670) 133.54.

 

 

 

 

 

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Thursday, April 18, 2019 2:25 PM